A company is an association or collection of individuals, whether natural persons, legal persons, or a mixture of both. Company members share a common purpose and unite in order to focus their various talents and organize their collectively available skills or resources to achieve specific, declared goals. Companies take various forms such as:
Because companies are legal persons, they also may associate and register themselves as companies – often known as a corporate group. When the company closes it may need a "death certificate" to avoid further legal obligations.
The Company refers to a fictional covert international organization in the NBC drama Heroes. Its primary purpose is to identify, monitor and study those individuals with genetically-derived special abilities. The Company played a central role in the plot of Volume Two, during the second season of the series. It is a very notable organization in the series and is connected to several of the characters.
In season two, Kaito Nakamura revealed that there were twelve founders of the Company, and a photo of the twelve is later seen (listed below under "Group photo"); it did not include Adam Monroe, an immortal human with the ability of rapid cellular regeneration, who is described as the one who "brought them all together." The Company began sometime between January 1977 and February 14, 1977. Monroe was locked away for thirty years on November 2, 1977, concluding that he only spent about 10 to 11 months with the Company. In the first season of the show, Daniel Linderman heads the Company until his demise. He is substituted in the second season by Bob Bishop, who is implied to be the Company's financial source. However, when Sylar kills him in the beginning of Season 3, Angela Petrelli takes over. Several of the founders have children who are posthumans and who are main characters within the series.
Upstream (www.upstreamsystems.com) Upstream is a mobile monetization company. Its MINT technology platform brings together insights from billions of mobile interactions, rich customer data and innovative engagement mechanics to deliver the highest mobile purchase rates in the industry.
Upstream serves mobile operators in 40 markets, helping them to sell their own and 3rd party products and services to their subscribers, while deepening customer knowledge and increasing customer loyalty. With an increasing focus on emerging mobile markets such as Latin America, the Middle East and Africa, Upstream has direct marketing and billing access to over a billion consumers. To date, Upstream has engaged 600 million consumers over mobile and converted 65 million of them into paying customers. Its carrier grade platform has securely managed more than 30 billion mobile interactions. Through its MINT technology platform, Upstream has executed more than 160,000 campaigns worldwide for companies like Vodafone, T-Mobile, Telefónica, O2, The Coca-Cola Company, BMW, BSkyB, Johnson & Johnson, Nestlé, Shell, Unilever, América Móvil, MTN and Telecom Italia.
In computer networking, upstream refers to the direction in which data can be transferred from the client to the server (uploading). This differs greatly from downstream not only in theory and usage, but also in that upstream speeds are usually at a premium. Whereas downstream speed is important to the average home user for purposes of downloading content, uploads are used mainly for web server applications and similar processes where the sending of data is critical. Upstream speeds are also important to users of peer-to-peer software.
If a node A on the Internet is closer (fewer hops away) to the Internet backbone than a node B, then A is said to be upstream of B or conversely, B is downstream of A. Related to this is the idea of upstream providers. An upstream provider is usually a large ISP that provides Internet access to a local ISP. Hence, the word upstream also refers to the data connection between two ISPs.
In software development, upstream refers to a direction toward the original authors or maintainers of software that is distributed as source code, and is a qualification of either a bug or a patch. For example, a patch sent upstream is offered to the original authors or maintainers of the software. If accepted, the authors or maintainers will include the patch in their software, either immediately or in a future release. If rejected, the person who submitted the patch will have to maintain his or her own distribution of the author's software.
Upstream development allows other distributions to benefit from it when they pick up the future release.
The term also pertains to bugs; responsibility for a bug is said to lie upstream when it is not caused through the distribution's porting and integration efforts.